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Pari is an Italian company which made tonewheel organs in the 1970's. The Pari's were more-or-less copies of Hammond ToneWheel spinets. Some of the details of their construction were different, however. For example they used "tone drums" in the tone generator rather than Hammonds discrete ToneWheels. A more complete write-up (written by HenningHøjen) about the workings of the old Pari's (along with nice pictures of the guts) can be found at

Pari organs is an Italian factory located in Castelfidardo near Ancona: they produced electromagnetic organs in which generation of sound is made out of tonewheels like Hammonds.

The generator of Pari organs was created by Anton Parie, that started productions of this electromagnetic organ in Belgium in the early '60, but the "gold era" of Pari was in Italy, where the production moved. In the '70 Pari factory produced many models like the XTO and the ATTACK, very good instruments made for home or stage use, that, in many cases were preferred to hammonds because they were lightweight and more aggressive-sounding, a "must" for '70 rock or progressive bands. They made other models like the x150, Kotra, and k-61 (that means 61 waterfall keys in each manual) and also some models of "leslie".

Technically Pari organs had same good sounding related to hammonds: tonewheels, analog spring reverber system, vibrato scanner and tubes in all sound processing. For many people the fact that the gearwheels are made of plastic seems very strange: truly the system is simple but very good, in fact it reduced the noise of rotating wheels, the only problem was the lubricating system that, after a long use, made the wheels harder and glassy for the use of oil and finally broke them. Unfortunately Pari factory closed production in the late '70 and for many years find a new set of plastic wheels was very very difficult expecially out of Italy.

In 2005 Pari factory re-opened with the name of "PARI.E" the means "pari-electromagnetic" starting the production of a new organ, the new K-61 that is the only electromagnetical organ made now in the world; this re-opening means also availability of new sets of gearwheels for people that still have old Paris. Infact the new one have the same tonewheel generator but don't have the lubrication system anymore: as you can see in the Pari web site the new k-61 is a big step ahead because combines perfectly old experiences with new technology that means better sounding, better materials choice, customer support, and less weight: in few words "The electromagnetic organ of the new millennium".

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